The GSMA Mobile Connectivity Index, thanks to an in-depth analysis, describes in detail the situation regarding mobiles around the world. Africa proves to be the continent with the most difficulties in achieving good levels of access, despite the amount of progress made.
Mobiles as a catalyst for development
The Mobile Connectivity index, published by GSMA, is a report that measures the level of development of mobile connections in 134 countries. A ranking drawn up taking into account a number of factors that can affect the connectivity of a country. The report is based on the belief that the Internet is a powerful tool in the fight against social and economic inequalities and, at the same time, that mobile devices are now more or less the main source of access to the net. Greater mobile development, therefore, means greater spread of the Internet and, as a result, improvements in the living conditions of citizens. There is still a long road ahead when you consider that, to date, there are still 4 billion people not connected.
How does the Mobile Connectivity Index work?
The analytical work at the basis of the Mobile Connectivity Index begins from the identification of 4 key elements affecting mobile development: infrastructure, cost of connections and online services, level of digitalisation of citizens and availability of interesting content on the web. Within these broad areas 13 elements are then focused on to be analysed (with different weightings) and 138 indicators that make them measurable. This brings us to a final overall score that determines the ranking.
The difficulties in Africa
The “mobile nation” of 2016 proved to be Australia (84.7), with the level of digitalisation of its citizens being exceptionally high. Completing the podium are the Netherlands (84.4) and Denmark (83.9). Overall, the continent with the greatest difficulties is Africa. To date, only 24% of the African population is connected, 20% is covered by a 3G network but does not have access to the Internet and 57% has no coverage whatsoever. It is no coincidence, then, that the 25 countries at the bottom of the ranking are mainly those from sub-Saharan Africa, with Niger last (15.1).